If we take a tour through the ventures of Charles Darwin we might find out the secret behind natural selection. We are selected by nature because of the adaptability of our physio-anatomical makeup. The human body is developed by years of seasoning, in a way so that we can utilize most of our anatomy. Sudden loss of an organ comes with the loss of function and multiple overlapping complications. Like the loss of body balance, or mobility altogether. Amputees mostly become partially or completely dependent on the close ones for a long period of time post-amputation.
Apart from these physical difficulties, amputees experience multiple mental and psychological ordeals. Which are mostly related to each other and also with the suddenly imposed physical limitations. This article will try to discuss the ordeals an amputee faces on a regular basis and shed light upon the rehabilitation approach of bionic prostheses.
Loss of motivation and depression
Immediately after the loss of a limb, an amputee finds the world around them shattered. As they tend to become dependent on others for usual and mundane things. This dependency and inability to day to day tasks breaks the will to live on. Additionally, after an amputation, an amputee might find themselves isolated from the society they used to belong to. This loss of confidence prohibits an amputee from socializing. Depression creeps in and destroys the livelihood from its core.
All the bionic prostheses, including the most advanced bionic arm, were rehabilitated by giving back some of the abilities. They grant the empowering experience of a new limb and the confidence to mingle with society.
Frustrations are a common form of anxiety, seen emerging from the inability to gain rewards. Most of the time an amputee after losing a lot of abilities tends to depend on others for even the most favourite activities. This lack of reward imposes a feeling of punishment. And the frustrations shatter confidence along with any leftover ability to concentrate and think. The attitude of amputees become increasingly hostile even to their loved ones and tend to act angry around people.
A bionic prosthesis helps by granting the most essential abilities so that an amputee doesn’t lose the ability to gain rewards essential for them. Though the alleviation of frustrations is not a fast and easy process, it takes time and patience with additional support from the ones close to heart.
Phantom limb pain
In order to operate a limb with fair perfection, the nervous system requires certain modifications. Mostly synapses and myelination. Immediately after the loss of a limb these modifications remain active and render inactive with time. But while they are active, the brain refuses to recognize the loss of a limb. As a result, an amputee continues to feel a pseudo sensation of an absent limb. This frustrating sensation sometimes culminates into severe pain, better known as phantom limb pain. A bionic prosthesis calms the active modifications and alleviates the phantom limb pain, and utilizes the same for self-functioning in the process.
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