Step 1: Pest Identification
Identify what type of pest you have a problem with, confirm if it is a mouse or a rat. House-infesting mice are generally 5 to 8 inches long, including a long, bare tail. They have large ears and their droppings are pointed, about the size of a grain of rice. Rats are much larger, measuring between 13 to 18 inches long, including a long, usually hairless tail. Their droppings are pointless and about the size of a raisin.
Step 2: Prevention
Keep them out
- Look for gaps and other entry points in walls, ceilings, floors, and around pipes and cables. These entry points may be lined with a halo of dirt or oily substance. A mouse can pass through a hole the size of a dime (or sneak under the door if the hole is the size of a pencil) and a rat through a hole the size of a quarter. dollar.
- Look outside the house to determine where they have entered, especially around the plumbing, wiring, and foundation of the house.
- Seal or plug any gaps you find outside and inside the house with mouse-proof materials (copper mesh, wire mesh, cement patch, etc.).
- Place racks under doors. Mice can enter the same way you do, through the door! Door screens made of brush last longer and perform better than those made of rubber sheets.
Eliminate the Needs of Mice
All pests seek food, water, and shelter. It is very important to remove these resources to prevent an infestation.
- Clean up food scraps and liquid spills; Store food (including pet food) high off the floor and in containers that are hard and have tight-fitting lids.
- Repair leaky pipes and leaks.
- Keep your home neat and clean.
- Keep yards and grounds unoccupied. Mow the grass and remove trash frequently.
- Inform your neighbors. Mice don’t stay in one place!
Step 3: Eliminate Mice Safely
Mouse Traps. The safest traps for catching mice in houses are spring traps that snap shut and activate by squeezing the back. Various types of easy-to-close traps are available – see photo. This will prevent you from grabbing your fingers when assembling and disassembling the trap. These types of traps kill the mouse quickly and avoid having to touch it when you dispose of it.
- The part of the trap that is closed should be placed against the wall and a bait such as peanut butter, dried fruit, cookies, chocolate chips, etc. should be set. Since mice generally run close to walls, you will have a better chance of catching them.
- Place the traps in areas where there is more droppings, but keep the traps well hidden and out of the reach of children. Because mice are normally awake at night, traps can be stored during the day to prevent accidents with children and pets.
- Glue boards are not recommended for rodent control and must therefore be used with care. They are not toxic but they do not kill the mouse. You can be bitten and the mouse can make a lot of noise and suffer while in the trap.
- Once the mouse is trapped, use rubber, latex, or vinyl gloves to dispose of a dead mouse. Put the mouse in a bag, throw it away, and then clean the area. Cleaning mouse droppings should be done carefully as they can transmit disease or trigger asthma. Don’t kick up dust when sweeping or vacuuming to clean up droppings, urine, or materials used to build nests.
- Wear rubber, latex, or vinyl gloves to clean up urine and droppings.
- Then apply a disinfectant or a mixture of bleach and water and let it work for five minutes. The recommended chlorine concentration is 1 part chlorine to 10 parts water. If you buy a disinfectant in the store, follow the manufacturer’s instructions mentioned on the label.
- Use a paper towel to wipe up urine and droppings, then dispose of them in the trash.
- Once the droppings and urine have been removed, disinfect objects that may be contaminated by having been in contact with the mouse or urine and droppings. Discard any items that cannot be disinfected.
- Then clean and disinfect the entire area.
- Take off your gloves and wash your hands with soap and water.